Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Ibrahim in Quran, Abraham in Bible & Torah

  • Rendered his own self to the blazing fire
  • Offered his beloved son for sacrifice
  • Submitted his heart wholeheartedly to the Almighty

The man who gelled into 1.6 billion Muslims and their religious duties around the world

When everyone wanted to take credit of him, but openly declared that he is a Muslim

As the Quran says,
مَا كَانَ اِبۡرٰهِيۡمُ يَهُوۡدِيًّا وَّلَا نَصۡرَانِيًّا وَّ لٰكِنۡ كَانَ حَنِيۡفًا مُّسۡلِمًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الۡمُشۡرِكِيۡنَ

Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim [submitting to Allah]. And he was not of the polytheists. (Quran 3:67)

The word Ibrahim - أب رحيم in its origin which means “Merciful Father”; Nick named أبو الضيفان meaning “Father of Guests”

Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) is the father of mankind whereas Ibrahim (peace be upon him) is the father of the prophets

Relationship between prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) and this Muslim ummath is very traditional and solid

Hajj, one of the five pillars of Islam which every affordable Muslim enjoins on face of the earth is prescribed only because of Ibrahim (pbuh); the blessed water “Zam Zam” dates back 7000 years is only due to Ibrahim, will not expire until the judgment day

About Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) in Quran:
The name “Ibrahim” mentioned 69 times in the glorious Quran, and there is a separate chapter named “Ibrahim”

History of Ibrahim (pbuh) narrated in 25 chapters. 63 Quranic verses speak about him. Allah (SWT) relates greatest sacrifice of this prophet, whom He taken as His companion (referred by the title "خليل الله" / Friend of Allah) to teach a lesson to this final ummath

ان ابراهيم كان امة
Verily, Ibrahim was a nation (Quran: 16:120)

The sacrifice and religious duty of individual Ibrahim (pbuh) is equivalent to the ones done by entire nation

“Ibrahim (PHUB) was a whole community/ nation by himself” for at that time he was the only Muslim in the whole world upholding the banner of Islam, while rest of the world was under falsehood. As a pious servant of Allah, performed the mission which was to be carried out by whole nation; he wasn’t an individual but instead an institution of himself

Three trials in the lifetime of Ibrahim (phuh):

1. Tested his own self with the fire
Ibrahim (pbuh), father of rationality, started the search for his creator at the age of 10. Contemplated on the sun, moon and the star; when they disappeared, concluded that these are just objects and there will be one and only God originator of all these creations

فَلَمَّا جَنَّ عَلَيۡهِ الَّيۡلُ رَاٰ كَوۡكَبًا ۚ قَالَ هٰذَا رَبِّىۡ ۚ فَلَمَّاۤ اَفَلَ قَالَ لَاۤ اُحِبُّ الۡاٰفِلِيۡنَ
So when the night covered him [with darkness], he saw a star. He said, "This is my lord." But when it set, he said, "I like not those that disappear” (Quran 6:76)

فَلَمَّا رَاَالۡقَمَرَ بَازِغًا قَالَ هٰذَا رَبِّىۡ ۚ فَلَمَّاۤ اَفَلَ قَالَ لَٮِٕنۡ لَّمۡ يَهۡدِنِىۡ رَبِّىۡ لَاَ كُوۡنَنَّ مِنَ الۡقَوۡمِ الضَّآ لِّيۡنَ
And when he saw the moon rising, he said, "This is my lord." But when it set, he said, "Unless my Lord guides me, I will surely be among the people gone astray” (Quran 6:77)

فَلَمَّا رَاٰ الشَّمۡسَ بَازِغَةً قَالَ هٰذَا رَبِّىۡ هٰذَاۤ اَكۡبَرُۚ فَلَمَّاۤ اَفَلَتۡ قَالَ يٰقَوۡمِ اِنِّىۡ بَرِىۡٓءٌ مِّمَّا تُشۡرِكُوۡنَ
And when he saw the sun rising, he said, "This is my lord; this is greater." But when it set, he said, "O my people, indeed I am free from what you associate with Allah. (Quran 6:78)

اِنِّىۡ وَجَّهۡتُ وَجۡهِىَ لِلَّذِىۡ فَطَرَ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالۡاَرۡضَ حَنِيۡفًا وَّمَاۤ اَنَا مِنَ الۡمُشۡرِكِيۡنَ
Indeed, I have turned my face toward He who created the heavens and the earth, inclining toward truth, and I am not of those who associate others with Allah. (Quran 6:79)

After this truth, invited his father towards Allah, lord of the worlds at the age of 12

In third stage, extended this invite to his society at the age of 14

Finally Ibrahim (pbuh) act angered the then King Namrud, created huge fire pit, and ordered Ibrahim to be thrown into it. Ibrahim (pbuh) aged 16 at that time

It took many days to kindle that fire and when it reached its maximum level, they thrown Ibrahim (pbuh) into it. But he wasn’t feared or worried, rather stayed calm and said,
حسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل
Allah is sufficient for me. He in whom I trust

Allah (swt) saved him, by ordering the fire to be as comfort on Ibrahim. Quran relates this incident,

قلنا يانار كوني بردا وسلاما على ابراهيم
Allah said: “O Fire, be comfort and safety upon Ibrahim” (Quran 21:69)

2. Second Trial – Tested in his wealth
When Allah (swt) awarded the title خليل الله (Friend of Allah) to Ibrahim (pbuh), the angels sought to Allah, You have blessed him with children, family, and all the wealth. How can You take him as friend when he lives with all the comfort and luxury?

Don’t judge My sincere servant through external appearance, rather look at his heart, you find none other but Me alone. If want to test, go ahead.
Angel Jibrael (Gabreal) descended to earth in the form of human and met Ibrahim (pubh) whose battle dogs counted more than 12000 for safeguarding his flock of sheep. Just imagine the mighty numbers of his sheep & goat.. When Jibrael asked to whom does all the wealth belongs to? All these belongs to Allah alone, and it’s been given to me now. When Jibrael asked for one goat, Ibrahim wanted him to teach a Dhikr so that will give one third of all the goats & sheeps. Jibrael taught him سبوح قدوس ربنا ورب الملائكة والروح. Ibrahim (pbuh) wanted him to repeat so that offered to give two-third of it. Again wanted to do so, later offered all the wealth to him. When nothing left out with Ibrahim (pbuh), requested to take him as a slave in exchange of reciting that Dhikr one more time

3. Third Trial – Tested to sacrifice his son
Ibrahim (pbuh) said, “O my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you. So look what you think!” – He told his son that in order to make it easier for him, and also to test his patience and resolve, at a young age, in obeying Allah and obeying his father.

“Ismael said: “O my father! Do that which you are commanded…” – obey the command of Allah and sacrifice me.

“if Allah wills, you shall find me of the patient.” – I will be patient and will seek the reward for that with Allah.’

On hearing this, Ibrahim (pbuh) thanked Allah for giving such a wonderful offspring. 

When Ibrahim placed razor sharp sword on Ismael neck to slaughter, Allah said to the Angels, Look at my servant, how sincere is he to My command, ready to sacrifice his own son for Me. Then Allah said, “O Ibrahim! You have fulfilled the dream!- the purpose of your dream has been fulfilled by your laying down your son to sacrifice.

Ibrahim received a sheep and was called by Allah:

"O Ibrahim! You have confirmed the Vision Thus indeed do We reward those who do right This is indeed the manifest trial!" (37:104-105)

Thank you!!
Arabic Translation Centre (ATC)